On Tuesday, April 27, 2010, Germany’s first offshore wind farm, alpha ventus, was opened by Federal Environment Minister Dr. Norbert Röttgen and the CEOs of energy companies EWE AG, E.ON and Vattenfall. Alpha ventus is situated about 28 miles off the German coast.
Twelve 5 megawatt wind turbines have been built on an area of about 1.5 square miles. Situated far from the coast, they stand in approximately 98 feet of water. Each one is capable of generating enough electricity to supply 4,100 households, making this the world’s first system of this magnitude. Planning for this project started in 1999. The first underwater cables were laid in 2007, the first wind turbine was installed in July 2008, and in 2009, work started on building the platform.
Germany already generates 16.1 percent of its electricity by renewable energies. This means Germany is well on track to achieving its ambitious targets of 30 percent electricity generated by renewables, and 40 percent less greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.
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